Brothers Charles A. (left) and William Decatur Mangham enlisted together as 2nd and 3rd Corporal, respectively, in the “Confederate Guards” – Company A, 13th Georgia Infantry – in July 1861, and had their pictures taken in their new uniforms.

Will was badly wounded in the arm at Sharpsburg on 17 September 1862 and served afterward as a Lieutenant in a Reserve Company assigned as guards at Andersonville, GA.

Charles’ photograph is from Oh, For a Touch of the Vanished Hand (2000) by Col. Dana Mangham, who says Charles was also wounded at Sharpsburg. I’ve not found other evidence of that. Will’s picture is from Rosalee Mangham King as published in Rachel McDaniel’s Pike County (2011).

In a related find, here’s a Sharpsburg casualty list for Companies A and I of the 13th Georgia clipped from page 4 of the Savannah Weekly Republican of 4 October 1862.

The complete edition of that paper is online from Georgia Historic Newspapers, and it also contains extensive descriptions of the action at Sharpsburg and has similar lists for the 12th, 50th, and 61st Georgia, and 5th Florida Infantry (along with lists for the 9th and 11th Georgia at Manassas).

This fierce-looking young man is William Pinkney Irvin of Pike County, GA, and he probably posed for this picture shortly after he enlisted in Company A of the 13th Georgia Infantry in July 1861 at about 18 years old.

Sadly, he only got another year older. He was killed at Sharpsburg, MD on 17 September 1862.

This photo was shared by Rachael Weitnauer of Atlanta to accompany Keith S. Bohannon’s essay in The Antietam Campaign (1999), edited by Gary W Gallagher.

A wealthy young planter from Macon, GA, John Hill Lamar began the war as a Private in the 2nd Georgia Battalion and was Major of the 7th Georgia Battalion Infantry by April 1862. At that time Confederate authorities were adding troops to the Battalion to bring it to Regimental strength, and its commanding officer Lieutenant Colonel Charles A. L. Lamar – probably not a close relation – resigned, reportedly because he was not likely to retain his commission in the new Regiment.

In this unusual letter, Major Lamar asked Brigadier General Hugh Weeden Mercer (1808-1877), then commanding the Military District of Georgia, to obtain the commission of Lieutenant Colonel and commander of the Battalion on his behalf. He noted that there was some urgency, citing the likely resignation of senior Captain James Y. McDuffie if the post of Major did not open soon.

Here’s my transcription:

Camp at Bethesda [GA]
April 7th 1862

Brig Genl H.W. Mercer


I received on yesterday the official notification of the acceptance of Col Lamar’s resignation. Will you do me the favor to make application for my commission as Lt Col, as I believe I rise to that position by promotion. Capt McDuffie is the senior Capt and has conceived an idea of resigning, and until he decides what he will do, it will be useful to take any steps as regards the Majority. I am this precipitate in asking you make application on my behalf, from the fact, of not having received my present commission until a few days ago, and without your action in the premisses [?], it is doubtful if I get the commission as Lt Col for months to come.

I am Genl
Very Respectfully
Your Obt Servant

JH Lamar
Maj Comdg 7th Ga Batt

Lamar did in fact quickly get the commission as Lieutenant Colonel of the Battalion and later as Colonel of the new 61st Georgia. He commanded the regiment, and at least briefly Lawton’s Brigade, at Sharpsburg in September 1862. He was killed at Monocacy, MD in 1864.

Captain McDuffie did not resign, and was soon after appointed Lieutenant Colonel. He was wounded at Sharpsburg and resigned due to his health that October. He died in 1863, cause unknown.

This letter is from J.H. Lamar’s Compiled Service Record file at the US National Archives, online from fold3.

This clip about Colonel Marcellus Douglass, late of the 13th Georgia Infantry, is from a lengthy Campaign narrative published on the front page of the Savannah Republican of 1 October 1862. The complete page is online courtesy of Georgia Historic Newspapers.

Thanks to Laura Elliot for the pointer to that piece. It was submitted from Shepherdstown, VA by correspondent “V.A.S.P.” – the initials of Virgil A.S. Parks, then First Lieutenant of Company D, 17th Georgia Infantry.

Thanks to Mike Brasher for finding and sharing this photograph of John Silas Mask of the 2nd Mississippi Infantry. It looks like it was taken just after he enlisted, probably in 1861.

Lieutenant Colonel Jacob Eugene Duryée led his regiment, the 2nd Maryland Infantry, in their attack on the Lower Bridge (Rohrbach’s, later Burnside’s) at Antietam on 17 September 1862. That was the highlight of his military career – he resigned his commission a few days later, probably to avoid the new Colonel, soon to arrive.

Here he is 35 years later, in 1897, the year his grandson Herbert Hoag Duryée, Jr. was born. That’s Junior in the middle, Jacob standing behind, Jacob’s mother Caroline E Allen Duryée (1820-1905), and his son Harvey Hoag Duryée (1871-1924). Sadly, little Harvey died at age 9 in 1907.

This lovely photograph was contributed to Findagrave by Kent Duryee.

Hiram Durkee (1861)

29 April 2022

Hiram Durkee, a 21 year old farmer from Lorain County, OH was killed in the battle at Fox’s Gap on South Mountain on 14 September 1862. He was a Private in Lieutenant Colonel Rutherford B. Hayes’ 23rd Ohio Infantry.

This image of him is from a copy of an ambrotype he had taken at Judd C. Potter’s gallery in Elyria, OH just before he enlisted in May 1861. This copy, made by the family in 1863, was passed down through the generations and was kindly supplied by R.C. Durkee.

As I’ve done on my last several trips to the battlefield, I stopped to visit a few stones in Antietam National Cemetery this past week. Starting at the “back” – the south wall of the cemetery – I noticed particularly the rows of markers for the many unknown soldier buried there …

Drs. Long & Ware (1865)

19 April 2022

Dr. James Alfred Long returned to the practice of medicine in La Grange, GA after the war. He’d been at least briefly in command of his regiment, the 13th Georgia Infantry, at Sharpsburg in September 1862 while Captain of Company K.

This clip is from the front page of the La Grange Reporter of 22 December 1865, which is online thanks to the Digital Library of Georgia.

Soon after returning to his company following his capture at Sharpsburg, Festus Franklin Wooten, Company H, 4th North Carolina Infantry was hit in the right hand by a minie ball in action at Fredericksburg/Chancellorsville on 3 May 1863 and was captured by Union troops. He was admitted to the US Army’s Lincoln General Hospital in Washington, DC 10 days after he was wounded. Here’s his record of treatment there:

Generally excellent record-keepers, those Federal Surgeons.

Festus returned to duty in August 1863, was captured again, at Winchester in September 1864, and spent the most of the rest of the war a prisoner. He was afterward a farmer for more than 60 years in the South River area of Iredell County, North Carolina.


Private Wooten’s doctor in Washington was Henry Munson Dean (1836-1930) of Connecticut. He was a graduate of the College of Physicians and Surgeons, NY with an MD in 1861. He was acting Assistant Surgeon, USA 1862-65, including service with US Colored Troops, then was appointed Assistant Surgeon of the First Regiment, US Veteran Volunteers. After discharge in January 1866 he married in Philadelphia, and went to Muscatine, Iowa where he practiced medicine.

Wooten’s Medical Descriptive List is from his Compiled Service Records at the US National Archives, online from fold3. Vul. Sclop. or V.S. – vulnus sclopetarium (archaic): pseudo-latin for gunshot wound.

The clipping above is from the Statesville (NC) Landmark of 26 March 1928, from